Thursday, November 7, 2013

El Sadat the third president of Egypt

Egypt and Israel, Egypt, Israel, Anwar El Sadat, president of Egypt
The full name is Muhammad Anwar El Sadat was born decamber 25 , 1918 Mit Abu al- Kawm Al- Minufiyyah governorate Egypt.He died October 6, 1981 , Cairo ) Egyptian army officer and politician was president of Egypt from 1970 until his assassination in 1981. He began serious peace negotiations with Israel , a feat for which he shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. Under their leadership , Egypt and Israel made ​​peace with each other in 1979.He was born into a family of 13 children ,

 In 1936, the British established a military school in Egypt, Sadat was among the first of its students. When he graduated from the Academy, Sadat received a message from the government in Egypt.

He graduated from the Military Academy in Cairo in 1938. In 1946, Sadat was arrested after being involved in the assassination of pro-British Minister Aminin Uthman , he was imprisoned until his acquittal in 1948. In 1950 , he joined organization free agents Gamal Abdel Nasser , he participated in the coup against the Egyptian monarchy in 1952 and supported the election of President Nasser in 1956.
Anwar Sadat has held several senior positions in the administration of Nasser , becoming vice president of Egypt (1964-1966 , 1969-1970 ) . Nasser died September 28, 1970 , and Sadat becomes acting president , winning position for good in a national vote October 15, 1970 .

After the war, Sadat began to work towards peace in the Middle East. He paid a historic visit to Israel ( 19-20 November 1977) , during which he traveled to Jerusalem to put his plan for a peace settlement in the Knesset ( Israeli Parliament). This is the beginning of a series of diplomatic efforts that Sadat continued despite strong opposition from the majority of the Arab world and the Soviet Union. U.S. Pres. Jimmy Carter mediated negotiations between Sadat and Begin that led to the Camp David Accords (17 September 1978) , a preliminary peace agreement between Egypt and Israel. Sadat and Begin were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978, and the ongoing political negotiations that led to the signature 26 March 1979 , a peace treaty between EGYPT and Israel, the first between the latter and Arab countries.

A few years after the Yom Kippur War , Sadat revived its efforts to consolidate peace in the Middle East , traveling to Jerusalem in November 1977 and presented his peace plan for the Israeli parliament. Thus began a series of diplomatic efforts , with Sadat making overtures to Israel to face strong resistance in the Arab region.
Sadat was facing increased pressure - with a growing economic crisis and mounting political dissent . He had hoped that the peace agreement would open the door to the capital of the West ( an open door, or infitah , policy was adopted ) and the United States responded to an assistance program , which in 1981 was $ 1 billion per year. In September 1981 Sadat ordered a preemptive strike on its opposition , with more than 1,500 in prison.
On October 6, 1981, the anniversary of the Yom Kippur war , Sadat oversaw a military parade in Cairo. A military vehicle suddenly stopped and five soldiers , later linked to Islamic Jihad , jumped and started firing machine guns and hand grenades, At the end of Khalid al- Islambuli and others killed Sadat IN EGYPT.

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