Thursday, December 12, 2013

Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara in Egypt

pyramid, saqqara, The Step Pyramid, Zoser

Step pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara Pharaoh began as a traditional mastaba , a flat roof . But at the end of his reign of 19 years, in 2611 BC, it had risen to six stepped layers and 204 feet ( 62 meters) high . It was the largest building of its time . 
Extensive use of stone here and there carved to resemble wood , reeds, or other softer materials - made ​​the tomb more durable than its predecessors mud brick . These pioneering techniques have led many ancient historians to credit the chief architect , Imhotep , inventing stone architecture pyramid.
The Step Pyramid complex was surrounded by a 30 feet (10 meters) wall and courses included , temples and chapels covering nearly 40 acres (16 hectares) of the size of a large city in the third millennium BC

As in previous mastaba tombs , burial chambers of the pyramid are underground , hidden in a maze of tunnels, probably to discourage grave robbers . The tomb was nevertheless plundered , and all that remains of Djoser, the third king of the 3rd dynasty of Egypt ( timeline) , is his mummified left foot .

After the third phase has been completed, the process to make a real step pyramid began. More than 200,000 tons of stone were used to make two additional levels that go above the existing two- level structure . Two additional levels were added above the existing four to make the pyramid six-speed that is there today. Tura limestone face was added on .

On the north side of the pyramid, a few blocks from the envelope remain . Blocks the envelope of the Great Pyramid were based on different blocks of masonry base. Blocks the envelope on the pyramid were set at an angle to take the pressure of successive layers.
The statue of Djoser (Zoser) was found by excavators, was found in the tomb chamber . This statue was damaged but still intact. It is located in the Cairo Museum . House falls has a replica of the statue in the blue-tiled room . It can still be seen through the viewing slot which is at the entrance. The chamber is closed to the public. Researchers believed that the roof of the chamber could yield. The chamber walls have inscriptions that show beyond any doubt that it is a burial chamber. It also contains rooms with and most of the other features that were often found in both anterior and posterior graves.
The mortuary temple is just north of the pyramid and is in utter ruin . On the south wall back in the Great Court of the pyramid are carved cobra heads or cobras. The cobra head is often considered a symbol of Egypt. There was once a symbol of the north.
The tomb South is located just outside the south wall . Steps lead up to the wall to the other tombs and monuments outside the walls . On the left side of the stairs , there is a big hole. In the lower part of the hole is an inlet which leads to a surprising set of chambers . This Southern Tomb is closed to the public. These rooms are also aligned with the blue tiles are found in the burial chambers of the pyramid . The inscriptions found in these rooms are outstanding. They are perfectly executed and clean lines ,my pyramid.

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