Friday, November 15, 2013

The temple of Horemheb in Egypt

EGYPT, Saqqara in Egypt, the king of Egypt, the King and Queen of egypt

 Some information about  Horemheb in EGYPT:

1- The parents of Horemheb are not known.
2-Two wives are known from horemheb's non-royal tomb in Saqqara.
Amenia was likely Horemheb's wife before he came to the throne.
Mutnodjemet was Horemheb's Great Royal Wife. Some speculate that Mutnodjemet is identical to the sister of Nefertiti mentioned in the tombs in Amarna. Mutnodjemet was buried in Horemheb's tomb in Saqqara in Egypt, probably in year 12 of his reign. A body was found of a woman in her forties who seems to have died in childbirth.

There are no known brothers or sisters of Horemheb and no known children.

3- Horemheb is a well-known general from the time of Pharaoh Tutankhamen the king of Egypt. Horemheb served Tutankhamen and may have served Akhenaten before that. Some have suggested that Horemheb may be identical to a general named Pa-aten-emheb from the Amarna period, but this identification is by no means certain.

4- Horemheb must have started his career under Akhenaten or even earlier. There is some speculation that a courtier named Paatenemheb was none other than Horemheb during Akhenaten's reign. Paatenemheb had a tomb prepared in Amarna (tomb 24) and he has the titles King's scribe, General of the Lord of the Two Lands, Steward of the Lord of the Two Lands. Given the later titles of Horemheb it is possible that soon after Tutankhamen returned to Thebes, Paatenemheb changed his name to Horemheb and chose to have a temple tomb built in Saqqara now that the necropolis in Amarna was being abandoned.

5- The temple tomb in Saqqara in EGYPT gives us some idea of the importance of Horemheb during the reign of Tutankhamen. The general is seen leading prisoners before the King and Queen of egypt and his titles show that he must have been a man of quite some influence.
According to Breasted's Ancient Records, the titles include: "Hereditary prince, count, wearer of the royal seal, sole companion, privy councilor of the palace, superior in the whole land, fanbearer at the right of the king, general of the Lord of the Two Lands, real king's-scribe", "deputy of the king, presiding over the Two Lands", "Privy councilor of the palace", "chief prophet of Horus, lord of Sebi", "king's-follower on his expeditions in the south and north country" and "presider over the Two Lands, in order to carry on the administration of the Two Lands, general of generals of the Lord of the Two Lands" to name but a few.

6- After Tutankhamen's death Aye takes the throne of Egypt, but only rules for three of four years. It is likely that Horemheb continued to serve as general of Egypt's army during that time period. After Aye's death Horemheb become the next pharaoh of Egypt.

7-Major monuments:

Temple Tomb in Saqqara

This tomb was excavated in the 1970's. The tomb dates to the time of Tutankhamen when Horemheb was an army leader. The tomb was later used for the burial of Horemhbe's wife, Egyptian Queen Mutnedjemet. A body of a lady in her forties was found and she was buried with the body of a baby. This likely points to the fact that Mutnedjemet died trying to provide her husband with an heir.
The temple tomb is about 48 m long and 15 m wide. The superstructure consists of a forecourt, a pylon, an outer courtyard, a statue room flanked by two storerooms, an inner courtyard, and three offering-chapels.

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