Friday, November 1, 2013

The Library of Alexandria in Egypt

The Library of Alexandria was the most famous of the libraries of the ancient Egypt. it was interesting facts about the ancient , there were many great collections of books and literature in ancient times.
library of Alexandria and cultural center located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea in the Egyptian city of Alexandria. It is both a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity.
In 1974 was the idea of reviving the old library,In 2002, the library of
Alexandrina was inaugurated near the site of the ancient library, intended as a commemoration and emulation of the Royal Library of Alexandria.

The library of Alexandria really  competed with amassing the most complete collection of books in the world. This continued till 200's B. C., The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is trilingual, containing books in three languageArabic, English and French. In 2010, the library received a donation about 500,000 books from the National Library of France, this gift make  it  is the sixth-largest Francophone library in EGYPT and the world. The Library of Alexandria  also is now the largest depository of French books in the Arab world.
It contains  the collection's size in any era with any certainty. Papyrus scrolls constituted the collection, and although codices were used after 300 BC, it was amazing there were so many works in existence that obtaining a copy of each would have been an impossible undertaking even then.

The destruction of The Library of Alexandria was a stroke of the most unimaginable bad luck.
in 642, Alexandria surrendered to Amorous, the Islamic general leading the armies of Omar,  Alexandria surrendered only after a long siege and attempts to rescue the city by the Byzantines. On the orders of Omar, Caliph of Baghdad, the entire collection of books.
there were several times that The library of Alexandria was destroyed, Once by fire during Julius Caesar's Alexandrian campaign in 47 B. C., Caesar set fire to ships in the port. The fire spread to the library, which was called the Museum at that time
onther time in 391,  by fanatical Christians damaged the collection heavily. During the years between disastrous events, the library collection had been gradually restored. In 641,  Also the Caliph of Baghdad exhibited the same spirit of religious fanaticism in ordering Amrou to burn the books stored there.

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