Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Abu Simbel temples in Egypt

Abu Simbel temples, ancient Egyptian history, status of Egyptian, the most beautiful in Egyp, Lower Egypt
Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples in Nubia, they are in southern Egypt. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser,  and west of Aswan .
They were built in approximately 1264 BCE and lasted for about 20 years, until 1244 BCE. Known as the "Temple of Ramesses,. The purpose was to impress Egypt's southern neighbors, and also to reinforce the status of Egyptian religion in the region. Historians say that the design of Abu Simbel expresses a measure of ego and pride in  second Ramesses.

The Great Temple  is  considered the most amazine and most beautiful of the temples commissioned during the reign of second Rameses , and one of the most beautiful in Egypt.
In front of the temple there  are four  colossal 20 meter statues of the pharaoh sitting colossal figures cut out of the solid mountain, chairs and all, each 69 feet (21 meters) tall. They are, however, brought out so fully that the backs do not touch the wall, but are fully eight feet from it; and were it not for a narrow ridge of the rock which joins them to the surface from the back part of the necks downwards, they would be wholly detached. One of the statues has been broken off by a fracture of the mountain from the waist upwards.
 The  statues were sculptured  from the rock in which the temple was located before it was moved. All statues represent  second Ramesses , seated on a throne and wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, but The statue was damaged to the left of the entrance in an earthquake, and only leaving the lower part of the statue still right. The the visitors can  see the  head and  statue's feet.
The entrance  is crowned by a bas-relief representing two images of the king worshiping the falcon-headed Ra Harakhti, whose statue stands in a large niche.
The temple is located at a height of 40 feet 12 meters and 92 feet 28 meters long. This temple is also adorned with giant across the front, three on each side of the door of Ramessesand his queen Nefertari four statues of the king and two queens at a height of 32 feet 10 meters. The prestige of the queen is obvious that, in general, a woman is shown in a much smaller time that Pharaoh, Abu Simbel, Nefertari is shown the same size as Ramses scale. The small temple is also noteworthy because it is the second time in ancient Egyptian history as a rule, he dedicated a temple to his wife the first time was the Pharaoh Akhenaton, of 1353 to 1336 BC, who dedicated a temple to his queen Nefertiti. The walls of this temple is dedicated to images of Ramses and Nefertari making offerings to the gods and representations of the goddess Hathor.

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