Sunday, December 22, 2013

What is inside the pyramids?

pharaohs, The pyramids, Egyptian kings, Pharaoh Khufu, Pyramid

The Egyptian pyramids are the oldest and only surviving member of the artifacts wonders . Of the 10 pyramids of Giza, the first three are held in high esteem . The first , and largest , was built for the pharaoh Khufu . Known as the Great Pyramid,,,, 
The pyramids of Egypt were specially designed as tombs for pharaohs. They contain mummified bodies of ancient Egyptian kings and their property with their slaves. This is because the ancient Egyptians believed in life after death and therefore they must have their goods buried with them.

Designed as tombs for ancient Egyptian kings, the three pyramids also stored supplies Egyptians believed that kings would need in the afterlife . The Great Pyramid has a corridor 28 meters tall ( 8.5 meters high ) called the Great Gallery , which leads to the King's room , a room with walls of red granite. Grave robbers have left the broken sarcophagus of the king, too large to pass through the entrance. The smaller Pyramid of Khafre has 440 yards long (402 meters long) causeway by which the priests carried the body to be mummified Khafre in the Valley of Temples.

There are three known inside the Great Pyramid rooms. The lower chamber is cut into the rock on which the pyramid was built and was unfinished . House of the so- called Queen and King's Chamber are higher in the structure of the pyramid. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only pyramid in Egypt known to contain both ascending and descending passages . The main part of the Giza complex is a setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile ), three smaller pyramids for Khufu 's wives , a "satellite" pyramid even smaller , a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles One mystery of the construction of the pyramid is planning. John Romer suggests that they used the same method that had been used for earlier and later constructions , covering parts of the plan on the ground at a scale of 1 to 1. He writes that " such a working diagram would also serve to generate the architecture of the pyramid with a precision unmatched by any other means.

The King's Chamber is 10.47 meters ( 34.4 feet) from east to west and 5.234 meters ( 17.17 feet) from north to south . It has a flat roof 5.974 meters (19.60 ft) above the ground. 0.91 m (3.0 ft) above the ground , there are two narrow shafts in the north and south walls (one is now filled by an extractor fan in an attempt to circulate the air in the inside the pyramid . The purpose of these shafts is not clear : they appear to be aligned to stars or areas of the sky from the north and south, but one of them follows a dog-leg course through the masonry, indicating the no intention to directly sight stars through them. They have long been regarded by Egyptologists as " air " sinks for ventilation, but this idea has now been largely abandoned in favor of trees used for ritual purposes associated with the ascent of the spirit of the King of heaven .
The King's Chamber is entirely faced with granite. Above the roof, which is formed of nine slabs of stone weighing in total about 400 tons , five compartments known as Relieving Chambers. The first four , like the King's Chamber , have flat roofs formed by the floor of the room above , but the final chamber has a pointed roof . Vyse suspected the presence of upper chambers when he found that he could push a long reed through a crack in the ceiling of the first chamber. Lower to upper rooms are known as " House of Davison ", " Wellington Chamber ", " Chamber of Nelson ", " Lady Arbuthnot Chamber " and " Campbell House " . It is believed that the compartments were intended to safeguard the King's Chamber of the possibility of a roof collapsing under the weight of the stone above the Chamber . As the rooms were not meant to be seen, they are not finished in any way and some of the stones retain the marks painted on them masons . One of the stones in Campbell House bears a mark , apparently the name of a team , which includes the only reference in the pyramid of Pharaoh Khufu.

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