Thursday, November 7, 2013

Hijri New Year today in EGYPT

EGYPT,  Hijra  in egypt, Muslim community in Egypt, Islamic New Year Today in EGYPT the Hijri New Year , also known as the Islamic New Year ( as Ras - Sana al- Hijriyah ) is the day that marks the beginning of a new year of Islamic calendar , and the date on which the number of years is incremented. The first day of the year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram , the first month of the Islamic calendar . The first Islamic year beginning in 610 AD during which the emigration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina , known as the Hijra .

Muslims measure the passage of time using the Islamic calendar Hijra  in egypt . This calendar consists of twelve lunar months , the beginnings and endings that are determined by the sighting of the crescent moon.

The Islamic calendar was introduced by the close companion of the Prophet , Omar Ibn Al- Khattab . During his leadership of the Muslim community , about 638 AD , he consulted his advisers to make a decision regarding the various dating systems used at that time . It was agreed that the most appropriate reference point for the Islamic calendar was the Hijrah , since it was an important turning point for the Muslim community. After the emigration to Madinah (formerly known as Yathrib ) , the Muslims were able to organize and establish the first real Muslim community in Egypt and Arab countries with social, political and economic autonomy. Life in Madinah allowed the Muslim community to mature and strengthen , and the people developed an entire society based on Islamic principles .

And the Islamic calendar is the official calendar in many Muslim countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Other Muslim countries use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and only turn to the Islamic calendar for religious purposes .
While some Islamic organizations prefer determining the new month (and hence new year ) observations by local institutions and moonmost Islamic countries , including Saudi Arabia, the astronomical calculations to determine future dates of the Islamic calendar .
There are different schemes for calculating the Islamic calendar table ( ie not based on observation) , resulting in differences of one or two days between countries using these patterns and those who use the lunar observations. For example , The Umm al- Qura calendar used in Saudi Arabia has been reformed several times in recent years. The current system was introduced in 1423 AH ( March 15, 2002 ) .
A day in the Islamic calendar is defined as starting at sunset . For example , 1 Muharram 1435 will set 5 November 2013 official calendars in Egypt . For a schedule based on the observation , observation of the new moon at sunset December 6th Muharram mean that one lasted from the time of sunset on 4 November 2013 at the time of sunset on 5 November 2013 , then in places where the New Moon was not seen , 5 November 2013 , 1 Muharram lasted from the time of sunset on 4 November 2013 at the time of sunset on 5 November 2013.

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