Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Hatshepsut First Female govern Egypt

Egyptian queen, temple of Hatshepsut in Egypt ,Hatshepsut, a female  Egyptian pharaohthe EgyptiansBorn in BC , Hatshepsut , daughter of Thutmose I Aahmes , both of royal lineage of the 15th century and was the favorite of her three children. When her two brothers died , she was in a unique position to accede to the throne after the death of his father. To have a femal Egyptian pharaoh was unprecedented , and probably most certainly also unknown. When Thutmose I died, his son by the commoner Moutnofrit , Thutmose II , technically ascended the throne . Few years of his reign , however, Hatshepsut seems to have held the reins .
Brand her mother , archaeologists believe Thutmose II had a skin disease , and he died after ruling out three or four years. Hatshepsut, his half sister and wife, had produced no offspring with him ( her daughter Nefrure was probably the daughter of her lover Senmut ) , although he fathered a son through the commoner Isis. This son , Thutmose III , was in line for the throne , but due to his age Hatshepsut was allowed to reign as queen dowager .

Hatshepsut was not the type to sit and wait for his nephew enough to carry age. As a popular favorite pharaoh, daughter and as charismatic and beautiful woman in her own right , she was able to master enough of an audience to actually take control of Pharaoh.
She ruled for 15 years until his death in 1458 BC, and left more monuments and works of art than any Egyptian queen to come.

Hatshepsut, as a female , had many obstacles to overcome. There was always a threat of rebellion , especially since its bitter nephew came of age.

With propaganda and sharp political skills , she deftly jumped each hurdle she faced .
To allay the fears of his people, he became a "king" in all statuary and relief during his reign. Even wearing the traditional dress of male leaders : the kilt shendyt , Nemes headdress with its uraeus and khat headcloth and false beard . 

Although there is no war during his reign, he showed his sovereignty by ordering expeditions to Punt in Somalia today , in search of the ivory, animals, spices , gold and  the Egyptians coveted aromatic trees. These expeditions are well documented in the hieroglyphic inscriptions on the walls of the temple.

 with these inscriptions are included incised representations of the journey, including humorous images of Puntites and his queen , whom the Egyptians no doubt looked while limiting the laughter , the queen has folds of fat hanging over her knees and elbows, back is twisted and has an aquiline nose.

For the short , thin Egyptian was probably quite a sight . Hatshepsut, in a final attempt to be recognized as a legitimate queen, constructed a fabulous temple in the Valley of the Kings , of all places , on a high plateau at Deir - el -Bahari , the Nile from Thebes.

Hatshepsut was a master of politics and elegant man state with enough charisma to keep control of an entire country for twenty years. His charisma and experience could carry him only so far , however. She used two devices to ensure the legitimacy of their position. The first was to emphasize not only their relationship with Thutmose I, but his favor since the sovereign People . 
She claimed to have been hand-picked by his father over his two brothers and his half-brother . In her temple are written the words of Khnum , the divine potter who sculpted the forms of the gods.

Located on  the west bank of the Nile (or Western Thebes , the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom ) , this is one of the most beautiful royal funerary temples . The terraces were different then , with gardens of frankincense trees and other rare plants from Punt , a place that appears in the painted reliefs that adorn the walls of one of the columns . 

The name Deir el -Bahri former monastery was built during the Coptic . This temple was built by Queen Hatshepsut, stepmother of the Pharaoh Thutmose III , who became regent for the teenager when Thutmose II Thutmose III , his brother died . As the first known female monarch who ruled for nearly two decades , thus delaying the reign of Thutmose III. It is not known how he died or was replaced. Many of his portraits were destroyed after his death , probably to Thutmose III. In portraits of survivors appears as a male pharaoh with royal headdress and kilt and sometimes false beard . Some inscriptions refer to him as a man .

The construction of the temple of Hatshepsut took fifteen years between 7 and 22 years of his reign .... The site chosen for its temple of Hatshepsut in Egypt was the product of specific strategic calculations: it is not only considered a valley sacred for over 500 years to the great female goddess associated funerary world , but also in the axis of the temple of Amun at Karnak, and finally , who was at a distance of only a few hundred meters in a straight line from the tomb that the queen of Egypt had ordered dug for itself in the Valley of the Kings, on the other side of the mountain
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